Governance & Policy Project (GPP)

Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)

About PCNA Implementation in FATA

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) region has consistently been one of the poorest parts of Pakistan. Both areas lag behind other provinces across a wide range of social and economic indicators, with a lag even more pronounced when viewed through a gender lens. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has consistently experienced far higher rates of unemployment than the rest of Pakistan. While FATA is not included in such surveys to know exact situation, the unemployment issue in FATA is likely to be even more pronounced. Moreover, unemployment is particularly high among young men aged 15-30 which is the main resource pool for militant recruitment.

In early 2009, the Government of Pakistan (GoP) launched major military operations in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA to eliminate the local pockets of militants. The conflict has imposed a huge economic cost, on top of the obvious human tragedy. The military operations led to significant damage to physical infrastructure and services; displacing some 3 million people. majority of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to their places of origin, many have lost their homes and livelihoods. Those who stayed behind have suffered equally and tend to be just as poor and vulnerable as the IDPs

The GoP have launched various assessments for strategic medium to long-term support for the region. A Damage and Needs Assessment (DNA) was completed in 2009 with the technical assistance of World Bank (WB) and Asian Development Bank (ADB) and a subsequent Post Crisis Needs Assessment (PCNA), supported by the ADB, European Commission (EC), United Nations (UN) and WB which was formally issued in October 2010. The PCNA assessed and quantified the short and medium term social and economic needs of the region (see PCNA Transitional Results Framework for details).

Recognizing the need for a harmonized approach to respond to the crisis, the GoP and Donors requested the Bank to administer a Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for the recovery and rehabilitation of the crisis-affected areas in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FATA, and Baluchistan. It has been operational since August 2010 and currently represents commitments of USD 139 million and is one mechanism for financing the PCNA program and is expected to support the governments’ efforts in aid management and donor harmonization.

The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the FATA Secretariat have put in place the legal framework for establishing the PCNA ISU. These units, known as the PCNA Implementation Support Units (ISUs), will be responsible for coordinating assistance, liaising with various government departments to support the implementation of the PCNA recommendations and other government bodies. Governance Support Project (GSP) will assist in operationalizing the Implementation Support Unit (ISU) for effective planning and delivery of the PCNA Program.

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